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Стивен Кинг краткая биография на английском
Stephen Edwin King is an American author of suspense, horror, sci-fi and fantasy books.
Author Stephen Edwin King was born on September 21, 1947, in Portland, Maine. His father Donald King was a sea merchant and mother Nellie Ruth was a housewife. His father abandoned the family when he was little. After that the family decided to settle in Stratford, Connecticut but returned to Maine when he was eleven. According to his family King saw his friend being hit by a train and dying although he does not recall the incident. But this incident became the ground for King’s works. Stephen King went to the Durham Elementary School and graduated from Lisbon Falls High School. He went to the ‘University of Maine’ and received a Bachelor of Science degree. During his studies here he published a collection of 18 short stories with his close friend Chris Chesley. It was named ‘People, Places and Things’.
He was interested in horror books and stories and used to read EC’s horror comics. His writing career started when he started writing articles for his brother’s newspaper although his real career began when his story of about 6000 words ‘I Was a Teenage Grave Robber’ was published in the magazine ‘Comics Review’ in 1965 a year before his graduation. He completed his first novel called ‘The Long Walk’ which was badly rejected however he did make some money with another book ‘The Glass Floor’. King was still struggling with his writing till 1970 when another one of his attempts ‘The Dark Tower Saga’ failed due to lack of money. In 1974 his novel called ‘Carrie’ and in 1975 ‘Salem’s Lot’ was published.
Kings mother died in 1974 after which King moved to Boulder, Colorado. This was where King wrote his novel ‘The Shining’. His fourth novel was ‘The Stand’ published in 1978. He also wrote for comics mainly X-Men and introduction to Batman. His ‘Dark Tower’ saga book ‘The Gunslinger’ was not very publicized with only a few stores carrying its copies in their shelves. But slowly this saga carried itself to success with the second and third book selling successfully. In the early 80’s King published many novels under the pseudonym ‘Richard Bachman’ including ‘Rage’ (1977), ‘The Long Walk’ (1979), ‘Roadwork’ (1981), ‘The Running Man’ (1982) and ‘Thinner’ (1984). He also used the pseudonym ‘John Swithen’ which was used for his book ‘The Fifth Quarter’.
In June 1999 King went through an accident; he was hit by a vehicle and suffered many severe injuries and fractures. He underwent five major operations in 10 days and therapy, he recommenced his work on ‘On Writing’. His hip was broken and it was impossible to write for more than forty minutes. That was when the pain became really bad. The injuries slowed King’s pace so much so that in 2002 he announced that he would stop writing. The novels he wrote before this announcement are ‘The Plant’ which was submitted online. Another e-book by him is ‘Riding the Bullet’.
His wife Tabhita King and two sons are also writers.