Биография Роальда Даля на английском языке поможет узнать больше о жизни известного писателя.
Роальд Даль: краткая биография на английском
Roald Dahl was a British novelist, writer of short stories, screen writer and fighter pilot.
Roald Dahl was born on September 13, 1916 in Llandaff, Wales. He had a difficult childhood as his father and older sister died when he was three. His mother raised him as well as three sisters and two step-sisters. He liked to read adventure stories as a kid. His mom would tell him all sorts of fantasy stories, which he loved.
Roald didn’t like school much, so when he turned 18 he decided not to go to university. Then WWII started when he was 23 and he joined the Royal Air Force.
He was a flying ace and also an intelligence agent. Known as one of the greatest storytellers for children, he was in the list of ‘The 50 greatest British writers since 1945’.
Dahl went to The Cathedral School where corporal punishment was common. He also became victim to it several times for his mischievousness. As his father had considered English schools to be the best even after his death his mother abided by his wishes. He was then put into boarding school in England named Saint Peters. His time in Saint Peters is mentioned in his autobiography ‘Boy: Tales of Childhood’. In 1929 Dahl was shifted to Repton School in Derbyshire.
While he was studying at Repton, the chocolate company ‘Cadbury’ would send boxes of chocolate to there to get tasted. This is where Dahl took inspiration for his most notable work ‘Charlie and the Chocolate Factory’ which was published in 1963. Taking inspiration from his life incidence and people he met is very common in his writings. Another example of such inspiration is in his book ‘The Witches’ published in 1983 in which the main character is a Norwegian boy.
In 1934 he started working at the Shell Petroleum Company. After training two years in the UK he transferred to Kenya and then Daar-es-Salaam where he lived a very luxurious life due to his job. After serving in the Second World War, he married Patricia Neal in 1953. They remained married for thirty years and had five children after which they got divorced. His married life was filled with many unfortunate incidences such as the terrible accident of his four month old son and death of his seven years old daughter. His five had three burst cerebral aneurysms while pregnant for the fifth time. After his divorce Dahl married Felicity Crosland.
Dahl’s books involve imagination and fantasy and they were humorous too. His first book for children was ‘The Gremlins’. His book most loved by children is ‘Charlie and the Chocolate Factory’.
Another famous work is ‘Matilda’ published in 1988 which was made into a movie in 1988. Some other books of Dahl are Fantastic Mr. Fox (1970) and the movie in 2009, ‘The Minpins’ (1991), ‘The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me’ (1985). Some short story collections are ‘Roald Book of Ghost Stories’ (1983), ‘Two Fables’ (1986), ‘The Roald Dahl Treasury’ (1997).
Roald Dahl died in Oxford, England, on November 23, 1990.
Dahl wrote two autobiographies. The first was called Boy and covered his childhood up to the age of 20. The second was Going Solo where he talks about his first jobs and his experiences as a fighter pilot in WWII.
Roald was married to Hollywood actress Patricia Neal.
He kept a diary as a child and hid it up at the top of a tree so his sisters couldn’t get to it.
He was 6 feet 6 inches tall!
His favorite color was yellow and his favorite food was caviar.